The Mystery of the Incarnation can be summed up in one word: Jesus. It is the history altering event of the conception and birth of God’s only Son. The word incarnation means taking flesh: the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity took flesh in human history by the power of the Holy Spirit and the cooperation of the Virgin Mary. It is a mystery of God’s Presence among us in time and space.
Below the Mystery of the Incarnation is explained by a creedal statement and an early council of the Church and then followed by a more extensive web link to the New Catholic Encyclopedia.
And we believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, born from the Father before all the ages, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one substance with the Father, through Whom all things were made. For us men, and for our salvation, He came down from heaven, and by the power of the Holy Spirit, He took on flesh from the Virgin Mary, and became man. (Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed A.D. 325, 381).
So, following the saintly fathers, we all with one voice teach the confession of one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ: the same perfect in divinity and perfect in humanity, the same truly God and truly man, of a rational soul and a body; consubstantial with the Father as regards his divinity, and the same consubstantial with us as regards his humanity; like us in all respects except for sin; begotten before the ages from the Father as regards his divinity, and in the last days begotten for us and for our salvation from Mary, the virgin God-bearer as regards his humanity; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, only-begotten, acknowledged in two natures which undergo no confusion, no change, no division, no separation; at no point was the difference between the natures taken away through the union, but rather the property of both natures is preserved and comes together into a single person and a single subsistent being; he is not parted or divided into two persons, but is one and the same only-begotten Son, God, Word, Lord Jesus Christ, just as the prophets taught from the beginning about him, and as the Lord Jesus Christ himself instructed us, and as the creed of the fathers handed it down to us (Council of Chalcedon, 451).
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